|Biographical detail : ||Ottoman Sultan who attempted a Westernising reform of the empire.
Salim III who was enthroned in 1789 began his reign with a war with Catherine II of Russia, which ended with a peace agreement between the two.
Ottoman Empire was getting in a critical state. Trade had declined and the Arabs Bedouin tribes were out of control in the Arab provinces, and the local pashas were no longer adequately managed by Istanbul, were often corrupt, and exploited the population. Selim III tried army reform along Western lines to restore balance of power. In 1789, he opened a number of military schools with French instructors, where students learned European languages and studied the new Western sciences alongside modern martial arts.
However, the revolting ‘Janisaries’ deposed him in 1807.