|Biographical detail : ||The Muslim General who conquered Spain.
Tariq Ibn Ziyad was the general of Musa Ibn Nusayr, who had conquered Morocco and had appointed him in his place at Tangier, the capital. Tariq landed at Gibraltar in May 711 at the request of the sons of the deceased King of Spain, which was having a civil war there.
Gibraltar was henceforth known as Jabl Tariq (Mount Tariq) from which the Anglicised form was derived. In July 711 he defeated King Roderick and occupied Toledo the capital of Spain at that time. He also captured Cordoba. Musa himself arrived in 712 and together they captured the rest of Spain in the next few years and thus established a Muslim dynasty, which lasted for about 800 years there.