|Biographical detail : ||Moroccan opposition leader known as Fiqih.
Muhammad Basri – known as “Fiqih”, the Erudite – opposition leader and fighter against French colonists returned home in 1995 after 28 years in exile to a huge welcome by thousands of his greeters.
Basri an opponent of King Hassan II, was condemned to death on four occasions for organising conspiracies against the Moroccan monarch. As a young man he fought against French protectorate and became a leader of the National Liberation Army. He was imprisoned in Kenitra north of Rabat in 1954, but escaped a year later.
Basri was one of the founders of the Union Socialiste des Forces Populaires (USFP), in 1957, when Morocco achieved independence. He organised the first armed plot against the monarchy in 1963 and was condemned to death for rebellion and attacking state security. Basri fled into exile in France in 1967.
Finally, in 1994, Basri’s eternal foe King Hassan amnestied him along with some 400 other political prisoners and dozens of exiles, and he returned home in June 1995. His political activity continued, but discreetly.
Basri fell ill in August 2003, and King Muhammad VI paid for his travel to Paris for treatment. Muhammad Basri who was born at Demnat, died in Chefchaouen, Morocco.