|Biographical detail : ||First Secretary General of the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (Opec).
Fuad worked at the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company (later BP) during the Second World War before becoming chief legal advisor to the newly-formed National Iranian Oil Company in 1951. Opec was formed in 1959-60 and he was its first secretary-general, running the secretariat in Geneva from 1961 to 1964.
Rouhani took the immense challenges of dealing with the international oil companies on the one hand and governments around the world on the other. With the 1973 oil crisis, oil was transformed from a commodity into a political weapon.
Fuad was a talented pianist and keen musician. He co-founded the Philharmonic Institute of Tehran in 1954 with the aim of providing a forum for traditional forms of Persian music.
Rouhani, a keen author, published ‘A History of Opec’ in 1971, as well as translations of Plato’s ‘Republic and Aeschylus’ Persians’, among others. He was a visiting professor of Iranian studies at Columbia University, New York, in 1964-65.
Fuad Rouhani who was born in Iran was a walking encyclopaedia of petroleum history and was well versed in Arabic, English, French and Italian languages. He left Iran after the Islamic revolution in 1979 for Geneva and finally, with his family, settled in London.