|Biographical detail : ||Famous for his world-renowned medical treatise ‘Firdous al-Hikmat.’
Besides the medical science and his famous book ‘Firdous al-Hikmat’, al-Tabari was also an accomplished Philosopher, Mathematician and Astronomer. He received education in medical science and calligraphy from his father and attained competence in these fields at an early age. In addition, he also mastered Syriac and Greek languages.
Al-Tabari’s seven-volume treatise ‘Firdous al-Hikmat’ is the first medical encyclopaedia that incorporates several branches of medical science. The seven volumes contain: Volume 1: Kuliyat-e-Tibb that discusses contemporary knowledge of medical science. Volume 2: Elucidation of the organs of the human body, rules for keeping good health, and comprehensive account of certain muscular diseases. Volume 3: Discussion and prescription of diet for good health and prevention of diseases. Volume 4: Discussion of all diseases from head to toe. Volume 5: Flavour, taste and colour. Volume 6: Drugs and poison. And volume 7: Miscellaneous topics on health care including a discussion on climate and astronomy, and a brief review of Indian medicine.
Al-Tabari’s ‘Firdous al-Hikmat’ was translated and published for the first time in the 20th century. He also wrote ‘Deen-e-Doulat’ and ‘Hifz al-Shehhat’ – the Oxford University library has the latter manuscript.
Al-Tabari was the teacher of the distinguished physician al-Razi.
Al-Tabari whose full name was Ali Ibn Rabban al-Tabari was also known as Abu al-Hasan. His father, Sahl, was a very successful and accomplished physician and was called by his compatriots as ‘Rattan’ a high title of respect meaning ‘my leader.’