|Biographical detail : ||One of the most famous of the ‘drunken Sufis’ who is said in ecstasy to have cried ‘Ana al-haqq!’ (“I am the Truth”), so convinced was he of his total union with Allah.
Al-Hallaj was the most controversial figure in the history of Islamic mysticism. He travelled to Baghdad, Khurasan, Khzistan, Sistan, India, Makkah and Turkistan and returned to Baghdad where his bold teaching and claims to the union with Allah caused him to be arrested and executed for heresy – for claiming that it was possible to make a valid hajj in spirit, while staying at home. Furthermore, al-Hallaj is said in ecstasy to have cried “I am the Truth!” or “I am the Real!” though some scholars have suggested that this should read: ‘I see the Truth!’
Al-Hallaj authored of a number of books, and he passed into Muslim legend as the prototype of the intoxicated lover of Allah and belongs to the `drunken' or ecstatic school of Sufism. Al-Hallaj’s death shows the hostility that was developing between the Sufis and the ulama.
Known as al-Hallaj (Wool-Carder), he was born Abul Moghith al-Hussain Ibn Mansur, in Iran.