|Biographical detail : ||Adli Ottoman Sultan from 1481 to 1512.
Son of Sultan Muhammad II, the conqueror of Constantinople. He succeeded in occupying the throne after the death of his father, and after subduing his brother in the contest for the throne. He restored the properties, dedicated to religious institutions that his father had seized for the state, rejected his father's pro-western policies and even removed the paintings of the Italian artists which they had executed for Muhammad II. He took Herzegovina under his direct control in 1483. The occupation of two fortresses on the estuaries of the Danube, strengthened the Ottoman over the land route to Crimea, whose Khan was a vassal of the Turks since 1475.
Bayezid conquest of the Venetian stronghold, in Morca and on the Adriatic shore helped his programme of naval construction. He successfully put down the Turkmen rebellion of Asia Minor instigated by the Saffavid ruler Shah Ismail of Iran.
His son Selim rose against him in 1511. Since his corps of Janissaries also favoured Selim, who had fled to Crimea, Bayezid recalled his son and abdicated in his favour in 1512.
During the reign of Bayezid much of the revenue was spent on building of mosques, bridges, hospitals and colleges.