|Biographical detail : ||Politician and educationist
Fadil who won scholarships to the American University in Beirut graduated in 1927 and subsequently took a master’s and a doctorate in education from New York’s Columbia University in 1932. Back in Iraq, he became teacher before joining the education ministry and then in 1942 foreign ministry and automatic choice as a member of Iraqi UN delegation. Fadil became foreign minister in 1945 and prime minister in 1953 and 1954. He led the Iraqi delegation to the 1955 Banding conference of non-aligned states in Indonesia. In July 1958 when Brigadier Abd al-Karim Kassem took power in Iraq via a coup al-Jamali was arrested and condemned to death at the notorious al-Mahdawi show trials. This was later commuted to 55-year prison sentence.
In 1961, Fadil was pardoned and released, and he accepted an offer of asylum from Tunisia’s President Bourguiba. He returned to teaching as professor of the philosophy of education at Tunis University: a street in the Tunisian capital bears his name. Fadil was a virulently anti-Communist, liberal-minded intellectual and anti-sectarian. He was multi-linguist and wrote many books in Arabic and English: most important works were in 1969 Open Letter To The Iraqi People and his last book The Arab Nation, Whither?
Muhammad Fadil Abbas al-Jamali was born in Al Kazimiyya, a quarter of Baghdad and had a thorough religious and classical Arabic education. He died in Tunis.