|Biographical detail : ||An Urdu poet and politician.
Maulana Hasrat Mohani occupies a unique place in the history of the sub-continent. With his multi-dimensional personality – a deeply religious man, fearless politicians, accomplished writer, renowned critic, distinguished journalist, and the pioneer of modern Urdu ghazal – he excelled in all these areas.
He was the first voice of rebellion and revolution raised at Aligarh Muslim University where he studied. On various occasions, he stood alone in a crowd and refused to be browbeaten by Mahatma Gandhi or M A Jinnah – a simple man unimpressed by pomp and grandeur. At the outset, he advocated the cause of independence from the platform of Indian National Congress followed by his persistent demand from the platforms of the All India Muslim League and the Communist Party.
Maulana never left India, unlike many other Muslims who opted for Pakistan when it was curved out of India in 1947. He asserted that at such a critical moment he could not think of leaving the Muslims of India in total despair. His struggle continued against injustice, poverty and ignorance.
Maulana’s involvement with literature and journalism brought into sharp focus the loving man that he was who introduced a new trend in Urdu poetry, which was a mingling of the praiseworthy attributes of the schools of thought that existed in Delhi and Lucknow.
Hasrat Mohani published a magazine Urdu-e-Mualla and authored Kuliyat-e-Hasrat – as a lyric poet he ranked among the greatest in Urdu.
Maulana Hasrat Mohani coined the slogan Inqilab zindabad.
Hasrat Mohani was born Syed Fazlul Hasan at Mohan in Unnao district of UP.