||Dutch Protestants - the Hugenots - fled religious persecution
in the Spanish Netherlands and settled in London and East England.
||In 1655, Oliver Cromwell lifted the earlier persecution
of the Jewish community and they were permitted to acquire a house for
a synagogue and burial grounds. Thereafter, Jewish settlement was never
questioned, and a mixture of immigrants arrived from Amsterdam, Spain,
Portugal, North Africa, and Northern Italy.
||Roman Catholics and the aristocracy fled the 1789 French
Revolution and came to Britain.
||This was a period in which many European countries experienced
turmoil and revolution and many thousands fled to a stable England. These
included Karl Marx and Victor Hugo.
||During the Tsarist anti-Semitic pogroms of the 1880s, 100,000
Ashkenazim Jews sought sanctuary in Britain.
||More than 250,000 Belgian refugees fled to the UK, escaping
the fighting of the First World War.
||The Spanish Civil War breaks out between the Socialist Republicans
and right wing Royalists under Franco. Refugees from the Basque
region arrived in Southern England, many housed in a large refugee camp
in Southampton - including including Luis Portillo, an academic and father of Michael Portillo, the former conservative MP.
||80,000 Jews from Germany and other European countries were
admitted into Britain, including over 7000 children. A number re-emigrated,
mainly to the US, but an estimated 55,000 made Britain their permanent
home. This settlement was to transform British intellectual and cultural
life - the giants include Freud, Popper and Karl Gombrich
||250, 000 Polish refugees granted refugee status in the UK,
initially fleeing Nazism, and then Communism.
||50,00 refugees from Eastern Europe granted asylum from countries
such as Romania.
||17,000 Hungarian Nationals including 1,466 children flee
after the USSR invades Hungry.
||5,000 Czech nationals arrive in the UK.
||President Idi Amin of Uganda ordered the expulsion of the
country's South Asian Population. Many held British passports and therefore
came and 29,000 settled in the UK.
||3,000 Chileans flee after the military coup led by General
Augusto Pinochet on 11 September 1973. Both Sheffield and Rotherham accepted
a considerable number of these political exiles.
||24,000 adult refugees most of whom were South Vietnamese
including many government officials. 300 unaccompanied Vietnamese children
enter the UK either as part of special programmes or by being rescued
from the sea.
||Break up of the government of Somalia lead to 7,500 applications
being made to the UK many of which are accepted. Many seek asylum in the
UK because the French stick to rigidly legalistic criteria that accept
no Somalis because they have no state to flee from.
||2,500 Bosnians enter the UK as refugees following the break
up of former Yugoslavia
||The assassination of President Habyarimana of Rwanda is
the signal for campaign of genocide by the Hutus against the Tutsis.
||Renewed heavy fighting in Sri Lanka leads to 5,130 applications
for asylum being made to the UK.
||4,345 Kosovar refugees following the ethnic cleansing policy
introduced by the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY).